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Unveiling the 2023 World of Open Source: Japan Spotlight

By Blog, Linux Foundation

The 2023 World of Open Source: Japan Spotlight report, featuring a foreword by Noriaki Fukuyasu, VP of Operations for the Linux Foundation in Japan, offers a thorough and insightful analysis of the current state and trends of open source software (OSS) in Japan. Authored by Adrienn Lawson and Stephen Hendrick of Linux Foundation Research, this report is pivotal in understanding the dynamics of Japan’s involvement in the OSS arena.

Fukuyasu-san, in his foreword, sheds light on Japan’s distinctive role within the global OSS framework. He emphasizes the importance of comprehending how Japanese organizations and the wider community engage with OSS regarding usage and development and their leadership roles within this space. He provides a relevant backdrop to the report, highlighting Japan’s unique contributions and challenges in OSS.

This report is an invaluable resource for anyone keen to grasp the depth and breadth of Japan’s OSS landscape. It highlights the country’s evolving role in the global OSS community, offering a rich, survey-based exploration into how Japan contributes to, consumes, and leads in the world of open source software. Whether you are a developer, an executive, a policy maker, or simply an OSS enthusiast, this report is a must-read to understand the multifaceted nature of OSS in Japan and its implications for the global technology ecosystem.

Download the Japanese Version of the Report here: World of Open Source Japan Spotlight 2023 – Japanese


The uniqueness of Japan in the OSS landscape

This analysis reveals a dichotomy of findings, juxtaposing Japan’s alignment with global trends against its unique challenges and opportunities within the OSS ecosystem. The report offers a dual perspective on Japan’s OSS journey, shedding light on its achievements and highlighting areas for improvement.

Adoption rates and security perceptions vs. regulatory and knowledge barriers


  • High OSS adoption: Japan’s OSS adoption rate at 82% closely aligns with the global average, indicating robust engagement with OSS.
  • Contrast with challenges: Despite this high adoption rate, Japanese organizations grapple with regulatory compliance and a lack of understanding of OSS nuances. Concerns about quality, security, and intellectual property further complicate this landscape.

Trust in security vs. contribution challenges


  • Security confidence: 62% of Japanese organizations trust OSS to be more secure than proprietary alternatives, reflecting strong confidence in OSS security.
  • Hesitation in contributions: This trust contrasts with the challenges in contributing to OSS, shaped by cultural and organizational factors and a lack of incentives for contribution.

Diverse contributions vs. legal and IP hurdles


  • Broad engagement: Japan’s OSS community actively contributes beyond coding, including issue reporting and documentation.
  • Legal barriers: Intellectual property, legal concerns, and complex licensing issues are significant barriers to deeper OSS engagement.

Recognizing OSS benefits vs. underappreciation of non-technical benefits


  • Strategic advantages acknowledged: Japanese organizations recognize the strategic benefits of OSS, such as improved productivity and innovation.
  • Non-technical benefits overlooked: There remains an underappreciation of the non-technical benefits of OSS, like community building and cultural improvement.

Policy and training shortcomings: an area for growth

  • Lack of structured policies: The absence of structured policies and comprehensive training programs in Japan highlights a critical area for development.

Actionable insights for a thriving OSS ecosystem in Japan

Establishing Open Source Program Offices


  • Role of OSPOs: Establishing Open Source Program Offices (OSPOs) can provide clear guidelines, ensure compliance, and foster a culture of open source contribution within organizations.
  • Strategic implementation: OSPOs can act as organizational strategic centers to streamline OSS adoption, contribution, and policy development.

Enhancing security in OSS

  • Prioritizing secure development: Enhancing security practices within OSS projects can alleviate concerns and encourage broader adoption.
  • Collaborative security efforts: Organizations can collaborate on shared security initiatives, benefiting the wider OSS community.

Expanding educational initiatives

  • Bridging the knowledge gap: Expanding OSS education and training programs can bridge the understanding gap and illuminate the full spectrum of OSS advantages.
  • Community and academic partnerships: Collaborations with academic institutions and community groups can further enhance OSS knowledge and skills.

Promoting OSS contributions

  • Boosting the ecosystem: Encouraging the open-sourcing of internal tools and company products can significantly contribute to the health of the OSS ecosystem.
  • Recognition and rewards: Implementing recognition systems for OSS contributions within organizations can incentivize active participation.

Tackling legal and licensing challenges


  • Legal and licensing support: Addressing legal and licensing issues can empower more organizations to engage in OSS projects confidently.
  • Educational programs on licensing: Providing detailed educational resources on OSS licensing can demystify legal complexities for organizations.

Call to action

We hope this report encourages stakeholders across Japan to realize the full value of open source software and the communities supporting it. Whether you are a developer, an IT professional, a policy maker, or simply an enthusiast of technology and open source culture, this report offers a first-of-its-kind perspective into how OSS is shaping the technological landscape in Japan and how it compares and contributes to the global context.

To get involved, consider the following steps:

  • Educate yourself: Start by reading the full report to understand the current state of OSS in Japan. Knowledge is power, and understanding the landscape is the first step to making a difference.
  • Engage with the community: Join local and online OSS communities. This week, Open Source Summit Japan is taking place in Tokyo, which is the forum of choice for engagement. Participating in forums, attending meetups, and contributing to discussions can provide practical insights and networking opportunities.
  • Contribute to projects: Whether you’re a coder, a documentation specialist, or a tester, your skills can contribute significantly to various OSS projects. Find a project that aligns with your interests and skills, and start contributing.
  • Advocate for OSS in your organization: If you’re in a position to influence your organization’s software choices, advocate for adopting OSS and supporting OSS policies and training.
  • Educational and professional development: Continuously seek opportunities to learn more about OSS, whether through formal education, workshops, or self-guided learning. LF Research is a great place to start! 

Linux Foundation Europe Member Summit Recap (Videos)

By Blog, Linux Foundation

This blog originally ran on the Linux Foundation EU Newsroom. For more content like this, click here.

Linux Foundation Europe proudly hosted its first annual Member Summit! This milestone event marked its inaugural year, bringing together LF Europe participants for an unforgettable gathering. The summit served as a groundbreaking platform for fostering collaboration, open innovation, and strategic partnerships among individuals and organizations in the private and public sectors. All participants worked collectively to advance digital transformation through the lens of open collaboration. This blog recaps the key moments and must-see sessions from the 2023 Member Summit.

Opening Keynote: State of Linux Foundation Europe

The event commenced with an insightful keynote address by Gabriele Columbro, General Manager of Linux Foundation Europe and Executive Director of FINOS. He provided a comprehensive overview of LF Europe’s current state and future prospects, setting the stage for what is to come.

Protecting Wildlife with OpenCollar Devices Running Zephyr RTOS

Luka Mustafa, Founder and CEO of IRNAS Institute for Development of Advanced Applied Systems, delved into the vital issue of wildlife protection. He explained how open source technology, particularly Zephyr RTOS, plays a crucial role in creating OpenCollar animal trackers and sensors. These innovative devices are designed to combat poaching and protect endangered species.

Panel Discussion: Open Source as a Game Changer for Sustainable Industry Transformation in Europe & Beyond

A panel discussion featuring Rimma Perelmuter (VP of Strategic Growth of FINOS & Linux Foundation Europe), Mark Lane (Head of Software Engineering Centre of Excellence, Lloyds Banking Group), Lucian Balea (Deputy Director of R&D and Open Source Director, RTE), Philippe Ensarguet (VP of Software Engineering, Orange) and Philipp Ahmann (Product Manager, Bosch) delved into the role of open source collaboration in driving digital transformation across various industries. They discussed how open source initiatives can address common challenges and foster industrial growth and sustainability in Europe and beyond.

Linux Foundation Europe & Global Project Updates

Representatives from various projects, including Sylva, OpenNebula, LF Energy, OpenWallet Foundation (OWF), Agstack, Servo, and RISE, provided updates on their respective initiatives. These projects spanned a wide range of fields, from telecommunications to energy systems, agriculture, and web rendering engines, highlighting the diverse impact of open source technologies.

Project Setup and Hosting in LF Europe

The LF Formation Team and Mirko Boehm (Senior Director, Community Development, Linux Foundation Europe) explored options for project setup and the advantages of hosting projects within Linux Foundation Europe.

Insights from LF Research

Hilary Carter (SVP, Research and Communications, Linux Foundation) discussed two Europe-focused research reports,, highlighting their significance to Europe in terms of sustainability, contribution, and security.

Outcomes of Open Source Congress

Hilary Carter and Mirko Boehm  shared key outcomes from Open Source Congress which took place in Geneva in July. The talk described the origins of the gathering, the issues on the agenda, and the current state of global collaboration across open source organizations.

EU Policy Update

Mirko Boehm followed with an update on European Union (EU) policies impacting open source and the technology industry. This session shed light on the evolving regulatory landscape and its implications for the open source community.

Better Together: Strategic Partnerships and The Linux Foundation

Robert Reeves (VP of Strategic Partnerships, Linux Foundation) emphasized the importance of strategic partnerships in advancing the goals of the Linux Foundation, and encouraged prospective partners to join us in supporting our mission.

Panel Discussion: Why Open Source AI Matters: The EU Community & Policy Perspective

A lively panel discussion tackled the significance of open source AI, its benefits, risks, and role in EU policy. The discussion was led by industry players and policymakers Justin Colannino (Director, Developer Policy and Counsel GitHub), Astor Nummelin Carlberg (Executive Director, OpenForum Europe), Ibrahim Haddad (Executive Director, LF AI & Data and PyTorch Foundation), Sachiko Muto (Chairman, Senior Researcher, OpenForum Europe, RI.SE), and Stefano Mafulli (Executive Director, Open Source Initiative)

Looking Ahead: The Future of LF Europe

The event concluded with Gabriele Columbro providing insights into the future of Linux Foundation Europe, setting the stage for further innovation and collaboration.
Attendee Reception

LF Europe members were treated to an exclusive reception at the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, featuring a special celebration for the Linux Foundation Europe’s 1st anniversary. The event included a cake-cutting ceremony, a sumptuous array of foods and drinks, and an opportunity for attendees to explore the museum’s exhibits.

The Linux Foundation Europe Member Summit 2023 was an informative and inspiring event that brought together leaders, innovators, and enthusiasts from the open source community. It highlighted the pivotal role of open collaboration in driving digital transformation and sustainability across various industries in Europe and beyond. We thank all who joined us, and look forward to reconvening again in the future.

For information about becoming a member of LF Europe, please get in touch with us at

Demystifying the Linux Kernel Security Process (Video)

By Blog, Linux Foundation, Mentorship

There is a lot of misunderstanding about how the Linux kernel deals with security vulnerabilities. Greg Kroah-Hartman, Kernel Maintainer & Fellow at the Linux Foundation, presented a complimentary Mentorship Session exploring Demystifying the Linux Kernel Security Process on October 3. Watch the video below, which will go into how the Linux kernel security team works, how changes are propagated out to the public, and how users must take advantage of these changes in order to have a secure system.

Check out other upcoming webinars in the LF Live Mentorship Series here.

Lessons from Maintainers of the World’s Most Critical Software

By Blog, Linux Foundation

Image: Attendees at Open Source Summit North America 2023 in Vancouver.

This blog originally ran on the Linux Foundation website. For more content like this, click here.

In our latest research, we interviewed dozens of maintainers who worked on some of the most used and widely dependent software projects. The result was a new report, “Open Source Maintainers: Exploring the people, practices, and constraints facing the world’s most critical open source software projects.

When Norbert De Langen inherited the maintainership of Storybook.js, he thought the best approach was to actively design himself out of his role. This would mean bringing in as many good contributors as possible. So he undertook heroic measures. De Langen sent a meeting scheduling link requesting to speak in person to anyone who emailed him with a suggestion or question about the project code. De Langen met with over 200 people using this method during the project’s first year. He estimates that nearly 20% of those he met with later became repeat contributors to Storybook, including many core contributors. With this effort, De Langen boosted his contributor pool and significantly reduced his coding burdens, making his maintainership more manageable. 

A broad representation of open source

Open source software (OSS) provides the foundation for much of our global technology infrastructure, from operating systems to databases to developer tools. While the whole world benefits from using OSS, a relatively small number of developers are responsible for maintaining the code and nurturing the projects that are linchpins for the complex and critical open source ecosystem. 

De Langen’s story is just one of the numerous smart tactics we learned in interviewing 32 “Super Maintainers” — people working on critical projects as identified by the Linux Foundation’s surveys of the broad open source software ecosystem. The projects in question ranged from databases like PostgreSQL to frameworks like JavaScript and Storybook to lower-level languages like Julia and Rust to ML infrastructure like PyTorch. The maintainers came from a wide variety of backgrounds. 

Most maintainers interviewed work full-time maintaining OSS projects, often as an explicit part of their job at a company that relies on the project. Maintainers tend to start as contributors, then become core contributors, and eventually, maintainers as they gain experience. Many began contributing to OSS in school or at their first job.

Maintainers derive intrinsic satisfaction from working on cutting-edge technology and being part of an open source community. As one Julia maintainer recounted, “When I first met some of the people in person in the community, I was giving everybody hugs. It was a very emotional moment because we had been so invested and committed for so many years working on things together.” Extrinsically, their OSS work helps their career by making them more attractive hires. However, most companies do not always sufficiently recognize their OSS contributions. 

Summary of the learnings of super maintainers

Every interviewee for this project had their own distinct views. They generously shared their hard-won lessons and their favorite tips and tricks for what is always a challenging balancing act. Here is a quick summary of their recommendations, which are addressed in much greater detail in the full report.

Growing contributions


Image: Shuah Khan, Linux Foundation Fellow, kernel maintainer, and founder of the LFX Mentorship program, working to cultivate a new generation of open source software maintainers.

Maintainers shared best practices to cultivate communities: personal engagement, inclusive communication, diverse channels of communication, and straightforward onboarding processes. Successful projects guide newcomers by pinpointing suitable tasks. Maintainers are advised to spot and nurture potential successors. Swift triage and team handling of submissions enhance the contributor experience.

Governance and control

All interviewees agreed on the essential nature of community governance for a project’s longevity. Early incorporation of best practices like a code of conduct, promoting civility, decentralizing power, and ensuring neutral community management are vital.


Maintainers unanimously felt the need for better documentation. Recommended best practices include elevating the importance of documentation, hiring dedicated coordinators, and streamlining the contribution process.


While only one maintainer was primarily concerned about living expenses, many expressed frustrations over the inadequate funding of critical OSS projects. Some pursued employment at supportive organizations due to this funding gap. Independently operating maintainers voiced concerns about sustaining OSS projects without major backers.


Most maintainers found it challenging to ensure diverse participation. While some lacked clear diversity initiatives, others actively engaged in programs like Outreachy. However, the general consensus is that OSS needs significant strides in diversity.

Preventing burnout

Maintainers recommended several strategies to avoid burnout: understanding OSS is an ongoing task, balancing personal and professional lives, limiting unpaid administrative tasks, implementing automated processes, setting clear boundaries, and taking necessary breaks. The emphasis is on self-awareness and recognizing personal boundaries.

Conclusion: Building on the shoulders of Successful maintainers

The open source movement is a vibrant and dynamic ecosystem. But building successful open source projects does illuminate common patterns and anti-patterns which may not necessarily be apparent to a first-time maintainer. Every interviewee said they viewed their time maintaining as fulfilling and worthwhile and often spoke as if they were advising a younger self. By capturing some of their wisdom, we hope to package it in a digestible format and preserve it for the next generation of maintainers. The most valuable resource any maintainer can ever attain, or share is the institutional knowledge built up in their project and their experience. This will improve the next project and enable the movement to continue to thrive.

Cyber Monday

By Blog, LF Training & Certification, Linux Foundation

With the new year approaching, what better time is there to plan for the future? 

Many technology professionals are looking for ways to level up in their career in 2023. In the spirit of planning for big moves and meeting opportunities well-prepared, the Linux Foundation is once again offering CyberMonday promotions – 30-65% off – on our most popular courses, certifications, bootcamps and bundles. 

Courses, Certifications and Bundles

Linux Foundation Training & Certification courses and certs are among the most well-recognized and respected in the technology industry. 

Right now you can save 50% off any course or certification in our catalog, including our popular CloudNative certs – CKA, CKNA, CKS and KCNA. (While you’re browsing our course catalog, be sure to check out our brand new offering – the Linux Foundation Cloud Certified Technician (LFCT) that was launched just this week!)

Even better, you can save even more – 65% off – when you combine certifications and courses, or purchase multiple certification exams with bundles and power bundles. 

Once purchased you’ll have access to your course and will be able to schedule your exam for up to a year. Our certifications come with verifiable digital badges that are good for up to three years once the exams are passed. 

Bootcamps and In-Person Training

Looking for a deeper-dive into the subject matter? Linux Foundation bootcamps offer incredible value with course materials, online mentorship and instructor feedback, and a learning community to help you master DevOps, Cloud Native Development and Cloud Engineering skills. At 65% off, you won’t find a better deal on a quality bootcamp to help you learn these subjects anywhere.

And, if you’re missing the in-person training experience – good news! The Linux Foundation also offers virtual, instructor-led training. 

Introducing Skillcreds

Finally, this week the Linux Foundation Training & Certification team has launched an entirely new credential series focused on practical, tool-specific technologies. Skillcreds for Vim, Git, Helm, YAML and Bash are available at 30% off now through 12/5/22.

This is your chance to get incredible savings on world-class training and certifications that can boost your earning potential and help you grow in your career. Talk to your employer about whether or not your company will help pay for your training. But act quickly – these incredible savings come only once a year and are good only through December 5, 2022.

Linux Foundation Europe

By Blog, Linux Foundation, News

Live at Open Source Summit Europe today, it was announced that Linux Foundation Europe launches with a dozen founding members that intend to collaborate to form a disruptive inaugural project, and original research offering new insights into the European dynamics of open source. Headquartered in Brussels, Belgium, Linux Foundation Europe is led by Gabriele Columbro as General Manager. Columbro will continue to serve as the Executive Director of the Fintech Open Source Foundation (FINOS). 

Linux Foundation Europe’s mission is to accelerate the growth of thriving open collaborative efforts focused on challenges and opportunities of all European constituencies, from individuals to public and private sectors, while providing an on-ramp for European projects and companies to succeed and collaborate on a global scale.

Gabriele Columbro, general manager, Linux Foundation Europe live at Open Source Summit Europe

“The Linux Foundation has done a phenomenal job bringing together the private sector and individual contributors on a global scale over the last two decades. As a native-born Italian raised in the thriving European open source community of the early 2000s, I am thrilled to focus our attention on long-standing challenges and opportunities we can help unlock in Europe through open collaboration,” said Gabriele Columbro, general manager, Linux Foundation Europe.

Inaugural members of Linux Foundation Europe include at Platinum level: Ericsson; at Gold Level: Accenture; at Silver level: Alliander, Avast, Bosch, BTP, esatus, NXP Semiconductors, RTE, SAP, SUSE, and TomTom; Associate level:  Bank of England, OpenForum Europe, OpenUK and RISE Research Institute of Sweden. Participation in Linux Foundation Europe is open to any organization and free for existing Linux Foundation members.

Learn more about Linux Foundation Europe here: